If you are arrested in Illinois, you have the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney. These rights must be read to you when you are taken into custody. It is the law. However, just because you are told you have these rights, it does not mean you understand them or that law enforcement cannot try to get you to give them up. It is in everyone's best interest to honor these rights, though. This is because when they are not honored, it could lead to a coerced confession, which in the end, hurts everyone involved.
If you are facing prosecution for a criminal charge in Illinois, representing yourself in court may not be in your best interests. The criminal justice system does not favor alleged and convicted offenders. Self-representation may seem like a cost-effective solution to keep your legal expenses down. However, it can cost you more money, heartache and stiffer penalties in the long run.
Fake IDs are something that you hear a lot about in high schools and even colleges. Most often they are used to obtain alcohol by underage individuals in Illinois. If you are thinking about getting one or helping someone else get one, there are some important things you need to know about the law and what it says about fake IDs.
You may be familiar with the phrase "copping a plea," which is commonly uttered in crime and courtroom movies and TV shows. Copping a plea refers to pleading guilty and accepting penalties for criminal charges in exchange for not going to trial. Negotiating this agreement is known as plea bargaining, and it is typically the method by which sentences are decided.
It seems that every time you read the news, there is yet another story about the epidemic level of opioid addiction that is currently plaguing the nation. A recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control revealed that in 2015, over 52,000 people died of drug overdoses. While many of these deaths were attributed to synthetic opioids and heroin, it was prescription painkillers that caused the bulk of the damage.
A crime can be classified into two types: substantive criminal law or procedural criminal law. Substantive law is the set of laws that decides how members of the society must behave. Substantive law defines rights and responsibilities in civil law and crimes and punishments in criminal law. It may be classified in decrees or exist through a model in common law. For example, it must be proved that a defendant entered a dwelling with the intent of committing a felony. Only then would it be considered a burglary. It may be considered a misdemeanor if the defendant proves otherwise. The substantive consequences of a crime are severe. For example, a felony may see a defendant lose their right to vote.
Misdemeanors are criminal charges that are less serious than a felony. Misdemeanors are generally divided into three types; gross misdemeanors, ordinary misdemeanors and petty misdemeanors. Gross misdemeanors are the most serious and may lead to time in a county jail. On the other hand, petty misdemeanors are minor cases that lead to less jail time and a fine. Misdemeanors are more serious than infractions because the defendant might face jail time.