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Classification of different crimes

A crime can be classified into two types: substantive criminal law or procedural criminal law. Substantive law is the set of laws that decides how members of the society must behave. Substantive law defines rights and responsibilities in civil law and crimes and punishments in criminal law. It may be classified in decrees or exist through a model in common law. For example, it must be proved that a defendant entered a dwelling with the intent of committing a felony. Only then would it be considered a burglary. It may be considered a misdemeanor if the defendant proves otherwise. The substantive consequences of a crime are severe. For example, a felony may see a defendant lose their right to vote.

Types of misdemeanor charges

Misdemeanors are criminal charges that are less serious than a felony. Misdemeanors are generally divided into three types; gross misdemeanors, ordinary misdemeanors and petty misdemeanors. Gross misdemeanors are the most serious and may lead to time in a county jail. On the other hand, petty misdemeanors are minor cases that lead to less jail time and a fine. Misdemeanors are more serious than infractions because the defendant might face jail time.

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